Chapter 13 TrayoDasho Adhyaya -The Bonding of the Creation and the Creator
This chapter explores the relationship between the body and the soul .Mankind has always been confusing the soul to be a part of the physical body and at times they look at the death of the mortal body as the annihilation of the complete existence of the being. The lack of enlightenment about the supreme truth and the supreme soul leads us to believe that both the body and the soul are integrated. The mankind has to understand that the body and the soul, though occupying the same physical being are two different entities. The body or the physical being is subject to getting destroyed, is subject to getting annihilated, is subject to getting mutilated, temporal in nature, and is only a transitory existence. The soul on the other hand is the spiritual enlightenment, is the formless, is eternal, and is indestructible. The soul is a part of the eternal supreme soul. The supreme truth is the creator of even both the physical and the incorporeal, but both have been described by God himself as being altogether different in nature. The physical being is ephemeral, is temporary in nature and is amenable to destruction and annihilation whereas the incorporeal soul is permanent and eternal in nature. The incorporeal and the spiritual soul can neither be subjected to destruction and nor to any kind of mutilation by any of the natural elements that live in the universe.
Lord Krishna in this chapter is sermonizing and educating Arjuna on the issue of the physical being and the abstract eternal being of the formless soul. Says lord Krishna to Arjuna,
Idam Shaareeram kaunteya kshetra mitya abhidheeyate
Eitadhyo vetti tam praahu kshetragya itee tadwida (1)
“Hey Arjuna! The human body the physical being may be known as the small universe and the creation and the one who has the knowledge about this may be called the creator by the enlightened persons”.
Kshetragayam chaapi maam vidhdhi sarv kshetereshu bharat
Kshetra kshetragya gyaanaram yataj gyaanam matam mama (2)
“Hey Arjuna, you should know me to be the creator of the physical as well as the ethereal , i.e., the creator of all the creations in the universe. The enlightenment about the faultless ethereal nature, and the physical being, of the creator and the creation is attainment of the knowledge about the supreme truth, in my opinion”.
Tatkshetram yachch yaadarakch yadvikaari yatashyach yata
Sa cha yo yatprabhaavashach tatsamaasen me sharanu (3)
“ you should now hear from me , as to what is the creation, what are the shortcomings in the creation, and what are the reasons, where does it originate from , who is the creator of all this, what are his powers”.
Rishibhi barhudaa geetam chhandobhi virvidhai prathak
Braham sutra upadaishaiva hetum dbhirvi nishchitai (4)
“The sages and the enlightened persons have illustrated the creator and the creation in many different ways. The vedas hymns have also described each in different ways. And the braham scriptures have also explained about the creator and the creation by the use of convincing and conclusive verses”.
Mahaabhutaanya ahadkaaro budhdhiravayktamaiva ch
Indriyaani dashaikam ch panch chendriya gochraa (5)
Ichchhaa, dwesha, sukham, dukham, sadghaatasch, chetnaa, dhratee
Etat kshetram samaasen savikaar mudaahartam (6)
The five physical elements, the ego, the intellect , and the basic nature, and ten organs, , one mind, and the elements of the five senses, meaning word, touch, form, taste, and smell and desire, hatred, comfort, discomfort, the physical body, the consciousness and the resolve have been explained in brief along with its inadequacy”.
Amaanitavam dambhitavam hinsaa kshaantiraajarvam
Acharya upaasanam shaucham sathairaya maatam vinigraha (7)
“The lack of the pride of being superior, the humility, the modesty, the spirit of non violence, the spirit of forgiveness, the simplicity and the purity of the thought and the language, devotional service of the teacher, the internal-external purification of the soul , the firmness of the self control , and the aversion towards the physical sensualities and the senses”.
Indriyaa aratheshu vairaagay mana ahankaar aiv cha
Janam maratyu jaraa vyaadhi dukh doshaanu darshanam (8)
“ the detachment towards the comforts of this world and the world beyond, , lack of ego, constant reflection on pain and suffering inherent in birth , death, old age and disease”.
Asakti ranbhishavadg putraa daar grahaa dishu
Nitayam cha samachitta tavmishtaa nishtopaptishu (9)
“Detachment towards the son, wife, home and wealth, The lack of the affection and perpetual equanimity towards the attainment of the desirable and the undesirable”.
Mayee chaananya yogen bhaktira vayabhicharini
Vivikt deshsevitav martijarn sansadi (10)
“ the unswerving devotion towards Me through single-minded meditation, the habitual behavior of living in solitude and disliking for community gatherings and gossips”.
Adhyaatam Gyaan nitya tavam tatva gyaanaarth darshanam
Etajgyaanmiti proktam gyaanam yadto anyathaa (11)
“The persistence in obtaining the knowledge of Spirit, and perceiving the omnipresent Supreme truth everywhere is said to be enlightenment and anything that is opposite to this is simply ignorance about the supreme truth”.
Gyeyam yata pravakshyaami yagyaatvaa amritmashnute
Anaadi matparam braham na satanaasduchayate (12)
“I shall now explain to you what is worthy of being enlightened about and by attaining this enlightenment a person attains immortality. The everlasting supreme being can neither be called eternal nor temporal”.
Sarvata paani padam tat sarvato akshi shiromukham
Sarvata shrutimloke sarvamaavratay tishtathi (13)
“The supreme truth has hands and feet on all sides of the universe, has eyes, head and mouth, and ears in all directions . The eternal spirit has been established by creating everyone, every object in the universe and He pervades all and is omnipresent”.
Sarve Indriyaa guna abhaasam sarve Indriyaa vivarjitam
Asaktam sarv brachchaiva nirgunam guna bhoktaa cha (14)
“He is the perceiver of the all the sense objects, and in reality he is without the physical sense organs. He is unattached and is the sustainer of all beings. He enjoys all materialistic comforts and their material nature because he is a living entity”.
Bahrantashch bhootaanaamcharam charmaiv cha
Sukshamtavaa tad vigyeyam doorastham chaantike ch tata (15)
“He pervades all living beings in the inside and in the outside. He is the inanimate and the he is the living. He is incomprehensible because of his subtleness. He is very near to the beings and is yet very far away from the beings”.
Avibhaktam ch bhooteshu vibhakatamiv ch stitham
Bhoot bharata ch tajgyeyam grasishanu prabh Vishnu ch (16)
“The supreme truth is undivided and is integrated but he appears to be divided amongst the beings. He is the object of the enquiry. He is the originator, the provider of the beings. He is the destroyer, who destroys by his ferociousness and the creator as Brahma”.
Jyotishmaapi tajjyoti satamasa parmuchayte
Gyaanam Gyeyam gyaangamyam hradi sarvasaya vishishthatam (17)
“The Supreme Truth is the source of all lights. He is the provider of the knowledge and the remover of the darkness of the mind and the heart. He is beyond the attractions of the senses. He is the ultimate God, the self illumination, the object of the self enlightenment, and he is present into the psyche of all beings. He is to be attained by the discovery of self enlightenment”.
Iti kshetram tatha gyaanam Gyeyam choktam samaasat
Madbhaktaa etadwigyaay madbhaavaayop padhayate (18)
“In this way, I have briefly explained to you about the creation and the creator i.e., the knowledge and the object of knowledge. Any of my devotees who have attained enlightenment about this supreme truth eventually abides into me and attains integration”.
Prakartim purusham chaiv viddhayanaadi ubhaavapi
Vikaraanshch gunaanshchaiv viddhi prakrati sambhaavaan (19)
“You should know that both the material nature and the being are beginning less. Both are the origins.
All the manifestations of the mind and the matter have been evolved out of the material nature”.
Kaarya karan kartarve hetu prakrati ruchayate
Purush sukh dukhaanaam bhoktaa ratve hetu ruchayate (20)
“The Material Nature is said to be the originator of the physical body and organs of perception and action. The spirit is said to be the resource of experiencing pleasures and pains”.
Purush prakrati astho hi bhudakate prakrati jaan gunaan
Karanam guna sangdoasaya sada sadhdhyoni janamsu (21)
The being by remaining within the material nature enjoys three modes of the material nature and the association within these three modes is the reason of being born into the good or the evil wombs , in the process of perpetual coming and going into the mortal world’.
Updrashtaanumantaa ch bhartaa bhoktaa maheshwaraa
Param aatmeti chaap yukto dehe asmina purusha para (22)
“The soul within the human body is in reality the Supreme Truth. This soul within the human body acts as the witness, the guide, the supporter, the counselor, the provider, and the Supreme Truth”.
Ya evam vetti purusham prakaritam ch gunai saha
Sarvathaa vartmaano api na sa bhuyo abhijayate (23)
“The person who truly has been enlightened about the spirit and the material nature and does his duty within the three modes of material nature is not subjected to being born in the mortal world again”.
Dhyaanen aatmani paschayanti kechdaatmaan aatmaanaa
Anye sandkhyen yogen karam yogen chaapre (24)
“Many of the beings perceive The Supreme Truth in their psyche by the process of the purification of the mind and heart by meditation. Many others look at it by the enlightenment of the soul. And many of them attain the supreme truth by way of the performance of the selfless service for greater welfare”.
Anye tavevam jaananto shrutvaa anyebhaya upaasate
Te api chaatitarantayaiv mratyum shruti praayanaa (25)
“But those of the unenlightened beings, who however, do not know the yogas of meditation, knowledge, devotion, and work, undertake the worship of the other deities with devotion as revealed in the scriptures by the saints and sages. Such people transcend death by virtue of their firm trust into what they have been preached about”.
Yaavat sanjaayate kinchitasatvam sthaavar jagdamama
Kshetra kshetragya sangoyaat dwidwi bharat sharabh (26)
“Hey Arjuna! You should know that all the living and the inanimate that are born are born out of the union of the spirit and the matter”.
Samam sarveshu bhooteshu tishthantam parmeshvaram
Vinashayatasav vinashayantam ya pashyati sa pashyati (27)
“Such person as who perceives the eternal supreme truth dwelling as the indestructible, and the same in all beings, actually perceives the God”.
Samam pashyanti saravatra samvastitham ishvaram
Na hinastyatmna aatmaanam tatto yaati praam gatim (28)
“Because a person who can perceive the presence of the supreme truth in all living beings equally , cannot inure any one as he feels that he would be destroying the God. Such a person attains the Supreme Truth and gets integrated into the supreme truth”.
Prakartyaiv ch karmaani kriyamaanaani sarvasha
Ya pashyati tathaatamaanam kartaaram sa pashyati (29)
“The person who considers all action being undertaken by the powers of the material nature looks at the soul as not involved in action hence he perceives the supreme truth”.
Yadaa bhoot prathagbhaavme kastham anupashyati
Tata aiv cha vistaaram braham sampadhyate tadaa (30)
“The moment a person perceives the presence of the supreme truth abiding in all kinds of living beings and perceives the origin of the living beings from out of the supreme truth at that moment, one attains the Supreme Being and gets integrated into the supreme truth”.
Aanaaditvaan nirgunatavaat paramaatmaayam vayaya
Shareer sathoapi kaunteya na karoti na lipayate (31)
“Hey Arjuna! Being the originator and being the eternal; the supreme truth even though is dwelling in the human beings, does neither act and nor does it ever get eliminated out of the living beings”.
Yathaa sarva gatam saukshayamyaad aakasham noplipayate
Sarvatr aavastitho dehe tathaatamaa noplipayate (32)
“Just as the vast sky does not get hidden by becoming small, the same way the supreme soul situated in the body of the beings does not get affected by the nature of the physical body”.
Yathaa prakash yatyek kratsanam lokmimam Ravi
Kshetram kshetri tatha krasatanam praakashayati bharat (33)
“Hey Arjuna! Just as the only Sun lights up the entire universe, the same way a single unified spirit gives life to the entire creation”.
Kshetra kshetrayagyorev mantram gyaan chakshushaa
Bhoot prakarti moksham ch ye viduryaanti te param (34)
“ This way those who perceive with the observation of self enlightenment understand the difference between the creation ( the physical body) and the creator ( the celestial spirit) , are enlightened about the process of self emancipation from the materialistic nature , they reach the Supreme Truth”.